Comparison of mechanical and comfort properties of natural fiber-based spacer fabrics for shoe insole

  • Muhammad Umair School of Engineering and Technology, National Textile University, 37610, Faisalabad-Pakistan
  • Ambar Shah School of Engineering and Technology, National Textile University, 37610, Faisalabad-Pakistan
  • Sikander Abbas Basra School of Engineering and Technology, National Textile University, 37610, Faisalabad-Pakistan
  • Hafsa Jamshaid School of Engineering and Technology, National Textile University, 37610, Faisalabad-Pakistan

Abstract

The objective of this study is to develop an improved shoe insole that enhances heat and moisture transmission (thermo-physiological comfort) qualities, as well as its mechanical characteristics, through the utilization of weft knitting spacer fabric. Two samples were prepared. One sample was comprised of Tri-Blend knitted fabric layers, while the other sample was made using cotton knitted fabrics in both layers. These layers, in both samples, were connected by spacer yarns of monofilament nylon. Tri-blend fabric was made from Bamboo (80%), flax (15%), and polypropylene (5%). Monofilament nylon was used in spacer layer. Thermo-physiological comfort testing i.e., air permeability, moisture management and thermal resistance test were performed for all the samples. The investigation also established the correlation between the mechanical properties, such as puncture resistance and tactile comfort, of footwear materials and their interaction with the human body. The prepared samples of shoe insole were also compared with the commercially available insoles made from synthetic materials. The outcome of the study suggests that the natural fiber spacer fabric can be used as an alternative to rubber. In conclusion, the results of this study offer valuable insights for product developers seeking sustainable alternatives that can meet consumer demands for both wearability and comfort.

Published
Apr 7, 2024
How to Cite
UMAIR, Muhammad et al. Comparison of mechanical and comfort properties of natural fiber-based spacer fabrics for shoe insole. Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, [S.l.], v. 43, n. 2, p. 133-142, apr. 2024. ISSN 2413-7219. Available at: <https://publications.muet.edu.pk/index.php/muetrj/article/view/3050>. Date accessed: 24 may 2024. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22581/muet1982.3050.
Section
Articles
This is an open Access Article published by Mehran University of Engineering and Technolgy, Jamshoro under CCBY 4.0 International License