Simulation-based thermal analysis and validation of clothed thermal manikin
Human thermal comfort within various environmental conditions is of paramount importance in a wide range of industries, including clothing design, indoor climate control, and occupational safety. Researchers are always in search the sophisticated tools and techniques that simulate the thermal regulation of human body under different environmental conditions. The present research aims to present a precise methodology for the simulation of clothed thermal manikin in controlled environmental conditions. A comprehensive method is recommended that consists of the use of 3D body scanning technology, different 2D and 3D CAD as well as thermal simulation software. The results of the simulations are very satisfactory, which are later validated with the wear trials with the help of the same clothed thermal manikin and under the same environmental conditions. The comparative analysis shows some deviations that are discussed thoroughly and the need for further research is highlighted in the papers as well. Furthermore, the present research gives us a digital platform to understand the clothing's thermal comfort and the parameters that affect it with the consideration of the draping behavior of the clothing, microclimate, thermal properties, and surrounding environmental conditions.