Shape distortion in composites: sources, characterization, and remedies

  • Iqra Abdul Rashid Department of Materials, School of Engineering and Technology, National Textile University Faisalabad
  • Khubab Shaker Department of Materials, School of Engineering and Technology, National Textile University Faisalabad
  • Yasir Nawab Department of Materials, School of Engineering and Technology, National Textile University Faisalabad

Abstract

This paper reviews the shape distortions in a polymer composite, its sources, characterization techniques, and remedies. The shape distortion may include warpage, spring-in, or change in enclosed diameter for flat, angled, and circular parts. Residual stresses are considered to be the major source of shape distortion (dimensional instability) in laminated composites. These stresses are the result of the difference in thermal expansion behavior of the different plies or between matrix and reinforcement. Additionally, fiber buckling, transversal cracking, and delamination are also produced in the composite, affecting its mechanical properties like tensile, flexural, and compression. The produced residual stresses are determined through different techniques like layer removal of symmetrical laminates, first ply failure, and x-ray diffraction. The common remedies for shape distortion reported in the literature include nanoparticle addition and variable thickness at the base or flanges.

Published
Jul 21, 2023
How to Cite
RASHID, Iqra Abdul; SHAKER, Khubab; NAWAB, Yasir. Shape distortion in composites: sources, characterization, and remedies. Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, [S.l.], v. 42, n. 3, p. 01-15, july 2023. ISSN 2413-7219. Available at: <https://publications.muet.edu.pk/index.php/muetrj/article/view/2931>. Date accessed: 05 mar. 2024. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22581/muet1982.2303.01.
Section
Articles
This is an open Access Article published by Mehran University of Engineering and Technolgy, Jamshoro under CCBY 4.0 International License