Mode Coupling in Mode Division Multiplexing techniques for futuristic high speed optical networks and exploring optical fiber parameters to control mode coupling
Fiber optic communications are inevitable to achieve higher data rates of modern telecom networks. After utilization of Wavelength division multiplexing, higher order modulations and polarization multiplexing, mode division multiplexing is a new dimension to achieve higher transmission capacity for optical fiber communication links. Different spatial distributions of optical energy along cross sectional area of optical fiber allows simultaneous transmission of data by considering each mode as an independent channel. During such simultaneous transmissions, possibility of mixing of signals amongst modes causes signal degradations and acts as limiting factor for bandwidth – distance product of the link. This effect of mode coupling has been explored in this article by presenting its mathematical formulations. A simulation has been performed to study the impact of fiber constructional parameters on mode coupling using optical wavelengths used for telecommunication systems. The observations help to develop fibers for reduced mode coupling for particular group of modes and operating wavelengths. This article paves the way forward for study of mode coupling in micro and macro bending conditions for forthcoming research endeavours.