Physicochemical and pathological assessment of groundwater quality from Sargodha, Pakistan using hybrid multi-layer slow sand filter: pre and post treatment analysis

  • Abdullah Abdullah Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Basic and Applied Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad
  • Uzma Rashid Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Islam Ud Din Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Basic and Applied Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad
  • Muhammad Tahseen Aslam Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Farzana Nazir Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Islamabad Pakistan | Department of Chemistry, School of Natural Sciences, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad
  • Ammarah Kanwal Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Razia Kulsoom Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Fouzia Hussain Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Muhammad Afzal Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Syed Hussain Abidi Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Niaz Memon Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories Complex, Karachi Pakistan

Abstract

One of the main issues confronting humanity in the twenty-first century is the lack of potable water availability. Around half of the world’s consumers face drinking water scarcity. Industrially rich areas have a high population and high-water contamination risk factors. Modern technologies that are quite effective for water purification, present economical limitations that impede their usefulness in developing countries. Conventional methods involving low energy, low chemical demand, and prevention of water-borne disease are therefore significant for water purification in developing countries like Pakistan. These limitations have led to improvising the conventional method for facile water purification. Herein we report the water purification assembly based on allow sand filtration; involving the raw materials grass, clay, sand, silt, pebbles, gravel and coal/ fly ash carbon to obtain clean and quality-controlled water treatment. Ground water samples collected from various areas of Sargodha city were subjected to the developed design Hybrid Multi-Layer Slow Sand Filter (HMLSSF). Based on pre- and post-treatment water analysis, it was determined that the filtration assembly was quite effective at reducing pH, turbidity, dissolved and suspended solids, hardness, and heavy metals percent removal by 87%, 77.7%, 91.3%, 95.4%, 84.4%, and to promising levels, respectively. Moreover, 99 % biological contamination such as total coliform was also removed by this method.

Published
Jan 1, 2024
How to Cite
ABDULLAH, Abdullah et al. Physicochemical and pathological assessment of groundwater quality from Sargodha, Pakistan using hybrid multi-layer slow sand filter: pre and post treatment analysis. Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, [S.l.], v. 43, n. 1, p. 82-96, jan. 2024. ISSN 2413-7219. Available at: <https://publications.muet.edu.pk/index.php/muetrj/article/view/2625>. Date accessed: 27 feb. 2024. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22581/muet1982.2401.2625.
This is an open Access Article published by Mehran University of Engineering and Technolgy, Jamshoro under CCBY 4.0 International License