Petrography and Geochemical Characteristics of Nari Sandstone in Lower Indus Basin, Sindh, Pakistan
Pakistan has been suffering from severe energy crisis for decades. Discovering new oil and gas fields plays significant role in alleviating the energy deficit. Exploitation and development of new fields for the country is very challenging due to economic, technological, social and environmental concerns. Hence, it is essential to assess the potential of hydrocarbon bearing formations using integrated analysis techniques in order to explore the resources efficiently. In this paper, we have analyzed Nari sandstone reservoir potential of the country. The key objectives of the study are to characterize petrographic, mineralogical and microstructural data through laboratory study on Oligocene strata of Nari sandstone in the lower Indus Basin. For this purpose, we collected several exposed outcrop samples from different stations in the onshore areas of Nari Sandstone formation. The work performed includes, the integrated study of petrography using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) along with Energy Dispersive Spectrometry (EDS) application. In addition, Quantitative X-Ray Diffraction (QXRD) analysis was performed. The results revealed that these sandstones were mainly composed of quartz grains, which are surrounded by calcite cement. EDS elemental sequence shows Calcium (Ca), Carbon (C), Silicon (Si), Iron (Fe), Magnesium (Mg), Aluminum (AI) and K (Potassium) in variable intensities in the samples indicating the presence of different minerals within these rocks such as quartz, calcite, clay and ferruginous cement. This study is the comprehensive collection of data of Nari sandstones that is essential to assess the potential of hydrocarbon bearing formations.