Effect of Fibers on the Bond Behavior of Deformed Steel Bar Embedded in Recycled Aggregate Concrete
A large volume of concrete debris is being produced in many countries on the globe due to the demolition of old concrete structures and testing of concrete specimens in laboratories. One of the ways to reuse concrete debris is to produce Recycled Aggregates (RA) and use them in new concrete. In recent years, Recycled Aggregates Concrete (RAC) has experienced increasing demand in various non-structural and structural applications. In reinforced concrete structures, one of the sources of brittle failure is sudden loss of bond between reinforcing bars and concrete in anchorage zones. Therefore, for the structural application of any new kind of concrete such as fiber reinforced RAC, knowledge of bond characteristics of reinforcing bars embedded in concrete becomes essential for determining the overall structural response under different modes of loading. In this regard, this study experimentally investigated the effect of fibers on the bond stress-slip behavior of deformed steel re-bar embedded in RAC. Concrete mixes having 0, 50 and 100% RAs were prepared with and without the addition of fibers. Two types of fibers were investigated in mono form: hooked-ends steel and polypropylene fibers. The dosage of steel and polypropylene fibers was kept 40 and 4.4 kg/m3, respectively. Axial compression and standard pull-out tests were performed. Test specimens for pull-out test were prepared using deformed steel re-bars of 19mm (#6) diameter. The results of strength tests confirmed that the compressive strength of concrete is decreased by replacing Natural Aggregates (NA) with RAs. For bond behavior of steel re-bar, the results of this study showed that replacement of 50% NA with RAs did not affect the bond response of steel bar, however, 100% replacement of NA with RAs showed detrimental effect on bond stress slip behavior. The results further showed that the addition of both types of fibers made it possible to recover the loss in compressive strength, bond strengths and bond toughness occurred because of replacing NA with RAs. In case of RA concrete mixes containing hooked-ends steel fibers, strength values were found even greater than the strength values of Natural Aggregates Concrete (NAC). From the results of this study, it was found that it is possible to design a structural concrete mix using 100% RAs and steel fibers at relatively low dosage of 40kg/m3.