Investigation of Performance for Entrained Flow Gasifier Through Simulations
Pakistan has proven huge coal reserves but still unable to harvest the energy due to unavailability of ingenious technology. Coal gasification is robust, efficient and environmental friendly technology but it is highly sensitive to the coal characteristics. Scant literature is available on the development of the coal gasification technology which suits the characteristics of indigenous coal reserves. This papers presents the simulation of entrained flow gasifier for using indigenous coal through process modeling software namely Aspen Plus® to evaluate various system flow steps within an entrained flow gasifier. General techniques have also been discussed for creating the equilibrium-bases simulations of gasification systems. Peng-Robinson equation was used to correlate the volume of species with respect to state variables (temperature and pressure). The effects of composition of different indigenous coals like Thar, Lakhra and Sonda were investigated through simulations along with O/C (Oxygen-to-Carbon) ratio. Parametric study revealed that the O/C ratio along with other related system parameters have great influence on the performance. Sulfur could be available in different forms in coal like pyrite, sulfate or organic sulfur so appropriate form of sulfur in feedstocks should be corrected for better accuracy of model results. The highest percentages of CO i.e. 44.2, 37.8, and 46.6% were obtained from Thar coal (air dried form), Lakhra coal and Sonda coal respectively at the 0.3 O/C ratio. The decrease in LHV and HHV (Lower and Higher Heating Values) of syngas was observed on increase of O/C ratio for all coal types. The composition of as received Thar coal gave maximum LHV (1.5x104 KJ/Kg) and HHV (1.78x104 KJ/Kg) at the 0.3 O/C ratio. The future work could be extended by simulating biomass composition in the developed model of gasifier in transient simulations.