# Conformal and Disformal Structure of 3D Circularly Symmetric Static Metric in f(R) Theory of Gravity

• MUHAMMAD RAMZAN Department of Mathematics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
• MURTAZA ALI Department of Mathematics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.
• FIAZ HUSSAIN Department of Mathematics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

### Abstract

Conformal vector fields are treated as generalization of homothetic vector fields while disformal vector fields are defined through disformal transformations which are generalization of conformal transformations, therefore it is important to study conformal and disformal vector fields. In this paper, conformal and disformal structure of 3D (Three Dimensional) circularly symmetric static metric is discussed in the framework of f(R) theory of gravity. The purpose of this paper is twofold. Firstly, we have found some dust matter solutions of EFEs (Einstein Field Equations) by considering 3D circularly symmetric static metric in the f(R) theory of gravity. Secondly, we have found CKVFs (Conformal Killing Vector Fields) and DKVFs (Disformal Killing Vector Fields) of the obtained solutions by means of some algebraic and direct integration techniques. A metric version of f(R) theory of gravity is used to explore the solutions and dust matter as a source of energy momentum tensor. This study reveals that no proper DVFs exists. Here, DVFs for the solutions under consideration are either HVFs (Homothetic Vector Fields) or KVFs (Killing Vector Fields) in the f(R) theory of gravity. In this study, two cases have been discussed. In the first case, both CKVFs and DKVFs become HVFs with dimension three. In the second case, there exists two subcases. In the first subcase, DKVFs become HVFs with dimension seven. In the second subcase, CKVFs and DKVFs become KVFs having dimension four.

Published
Jan 1, 2020
How to Cite
RAMZAN, MUHAMMAD; ALI, MURTAZA; HUSSAIN, FIAZ. Conformal and Disformal Structure of 3D Circularly Symmetric Static Metric in f(R) Theory of Gravity. Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, [S.l.], v. 39, n. 1, p. 111-116, jan. 2020. ISSN 2413-7219. Available at: <https://publications.muet.edu.pk/index.php/muetrj/article/view/1412>. Date accessed: 23 jan. 2020. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22581/muet1982.2001.11.
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This is an open Access Article published by Mehran University of Engineering and Technolgy, Jamshoro under CCBY 4.0 International License