A Survey of Energy Conservation Mechanisms for Dynamic Cluster Based Wireless Sensor Networks

  • Rabia Noor Enam Department of Computer Engineering, Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi
  • Muhammad Tahir Department of Computer Engineering, Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi.
  • Rehan Qureshi Department of Computer and Software Engineering, Bahria University, Karachi
  • Shakil Ahmed Department of Computer Engineering, Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi

Abstract

WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) is an emerging technology that has unlimited potential for numerous application areas including military, crisis management, environmental, transportation, medical, home/ city automations and smart spaces. But energy constrained nature of WSNs necessitates that their architecture and communicating protocols to be designed in an energy aware manner. Sensor data collection through clustering mechanisms has become a common strategy in WSN. This paper presents a survey report on the major perspectives with which energy conservation mechanisms has been proposed in dynamic cluster based WSNs so far. All the solutions discussed in this paper focus on the cluster based protocols only.We have covered a vast scale of existing energy efficient protocols and have categorized them in six categories. In the beginning of this paper the fundamentals of the energy constraint issues of WSNs have been discussed and an overview of the causes of energy consumptions at all layers of WSN has been given. Later in this paper several previously proposed energy efficient protocols of WSNs are presented.

Published
Apr 1, 2018
How to Cite
ENAM, Rabia Noor et al. A Survey of Energy Conservation Mechanisms for Dynamic Cluster Based Wireless Sensor Networks. Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, [S.l.], v. 37, n. 2, p. 279-296, apr. 2018. ISSN 2413-7219. Available at: <http://publications.muet.edu.pk/index.php/muetrj/article/view/198>. Date accessed: 15 oct. 2018. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22581/muet1982.1802.05.
Section
Articles
This is an open Access Article published by Mehran University of Engineering and Technolgy, Jamshoro under CCBY 4.0 International License