Martensitic transformation temperature modification of Fe-SMA for efficient medical implants

  • Muhammad Muneeb Rasheed Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan
  • Ahmed Saif Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan
  • Rana Atta ur Rahman Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ali Nasir Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan
  • Shahid Mehmood Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Usman Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan
  • Abdul Moiz Rao Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan

Abstract

Nickel-Titanium alloys or Nitinol shape memory alloys have applications in various fields like biomedical, agriculture, pharmaceutical, civil, and mechanical engineering. Ferrous-based shape memory alloys (Fe-SMAs) do not possess excellent properties like that of Nitinol. In recent times, Fe-SMAs have been under consideration in the research field to enhance their shape memory properties because of their cost-effectiveness, corrosion resistance, biocompatibility, and high mechanical strength. Fe-SMAs are limited in their applications in the human body due to high austenite start temperature () even though they are biocompatible and being considered for temporary biodegradable implant applications. Several factors affect the phase transformation temperature of Fe-SMA, like alloy composition and heat treatment conditions. Some of the techniques that are useful to reduce the  are quenching, solid solution treatment, ternary element addition, alloying, and thermal-mechanical treatment. In this study, the quenching with brine solution is used to reduce  of Fe-15Mn-10 Cr-8Ni-4Si (wt. %). The phase transformation is observed using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). The best result from experimentation of all the samples collected as  reduced from 93oC to 39.02oC which is very close to the temperature of the human body. The results of this study exhibit significant potential for advancement in the application of Fe-SMAs in the biomedical field for permanent implants in cardiovascular and orthopaedic applications.

Published
Jul 1, 2024
How to Cite
RASHEED, Muhammad Muneeb et al. Martensitic transformation temperature modification of Fe-SMA for efficient medical implants. Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, [S.l.], v. 43, n. 3, p. 78-88, july 2024. ISSN 2413-7219. Available at: <https://publications.muet.edu.pk/index.php/muetrj/article/view/3026>. Date accessed: 19 july 2024. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22581/muet1982.3026.
Section
Articles
This is an open Access Article published by Mehran University of Engineering and Technolgy, Jamshoro under CCBY 4.0 International License