Apneic Events Detection Using Different Features of Airflow Signals
Apneic-event based sleep disorders are very common and affect greatly the daily life of people. However, diagnosis of these disorders by detecting apneic events are very difficult. Studies show that analyzes of airflow signals are effective in diagnosis of apneic-event based sleep disorders. According to these studies, diagnosis can be performed by detecting the apneic episodes of the airflow signals. This work deals with detection of apneic episodes on airflow signals belonging to Apnea-ECG (Electrocardiogram) and MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) BIH (Bastons’s Beth Isreal Hospital) databases. In order to accomplish this task, three representative feature sets namely classic feature set, amplitude feature set and descriptive model feature set were created. The performance of these feature sets were evaluated individually and in combination with the aid of the random forest classifier to detect apneic episodes. Moreover, effective features were selected by OneR Attribute Eval Feature Selection Algorithm to obtain higher performance. Selected 28 features for Apnea-ECG database and 31 features for MITBIH database from 54 features were applied to classifier to compare achievements. As a result, the highest classification accuracies were obtained with the usage of effective features as 96.21% for Apnea-ECG database and 92.23% for MIT-BIH database. Kappa values are also quite good (91.80 and 81.96%) and support the classification accuracies for both databases, too. The results of the study are quite promising for determining apneic events on a minute-by-minute basis.