Analysis and Development of Triangular Gasket Diagonal Slot Embedded Fractal Patch Antenna for Multiband Wireless Applications
This paper presents novel reduced size diagonal slot embedded Triangular Gasket fractal patch antenna for multiband wireless applications. The diagonal slot geometry is embedded in triangular patch antenna for initial size reduction of the basic cell and further miniaturization is achieved by fractalization of the cell upto third order. Three frequency resonances of 2.4, 6.5 and 9.23 GHz are optimized for WiFi, WiMAX and WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) applications in the S, C and X frequency bands. Size reduction upto 55.32 and 80.74% is achieved in terms of whole antenna area and copper cladding remaining respectively in comparison to triangular patch antenna. Antenna 3D (Three-Dimensional) modeling, simulation and optimization for the desired BW (Bandwidth) and gain requirements are done in HFSS (High Frequency Structure Simulator) and CST (Computer Simulation Technology). Effects of embedding diagonal slot in the basic triangular cell is analyzed in terms of the diagonal slot length and width with corresponding frequency response variations. Microstrip feed line dimensions and ground plane separation from the radiating top layer is optimized for achieving acceptable BWs less than -10 dB for the desired multiple resonances. E-field, H-field, current density and surface current plots are presented to verify the radiations for multiband wireless applications. Proposed slot embedded fractal radiator is fabricated and measured frequency responses and gain patterns are demonstrated in comparison with simulated results for verification of the concept.