Hexagonal Printed Monopole Antenna with Triple Stop Bands for UWB Application
Inherently UWB (Ultra Wideband) communication systems comes with interference problem with some if the existing narrowband communication systems. These bands are stopped with the help of band-stop filter in order to reduce electromagnetic interference However, the complexity and limitations are increased due to these filters, hence this solution is turned down in those applications where design complications and complexity is of concern. Introducing various slots of specific shapes and exact dimensions however, have solved this issue for the researchers around the world. This paper presents a hexagonal PMA (Printed Monopole Antenna) with triple stop bands. The antenna is used for UWB application. The antenna is stopped the WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access), WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) and ITU (International Telecommunication Union) bands. The antenna dimensions are 30x28x16 mm3. FR4 is used between ground and radiating patch with relative permittivity of 4.4. The VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio) is less than 2 between 3-11 GHz except WiMAX (3.1-3.7 GHz), WLAN (5.1-5.8 GHz) and the ITU frequency band (7.95-8.4 GHz). The antenna is design in CST software.