Mehran University Research Journal Of Engineering &
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Publishing Since 1982.

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Effect of Electric Discharge Machining on Material Removal Rate and White Layer Composition

Keywords: Electric Discharge Machining, Material Removal Rate, Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy.

Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology

Volume 36 ,  Issue 1


1. Ho, K.H., and Newman, S.T., "State of the Art Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM)", International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Volume 43, No. 13,pp. 1287-1300, UK, June, 2003.
2. Guo, Y.B., Li, W., and Jawahir, I.S., "Surface Integrity Characterization and Prediction in Machining of Hardened and Difficult-to-Machine Alloys: A State-of- Art Research Review and Analysis", Machining Science and Technology, Volume 13, No. 4, pp. 437-470, USA, December, 2009.
3. Kunieda, M., Lauwers, B., Rajurkar, K.P., and Schumacher, B.M., "Advancing EDM through Fundamental Insight into the Process", CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, Volume 54, No. 2, pp. 64-87, Switzerland, 2005.
4. Dursun, T. and Soutis, C., "Recent Developments in Advanced Aircraft Aluminium Alloys", Materials & Design, Volume 56, No., pp. 862-871, UK, December, 2014.
5. Jabbaripour, B., Sadeghi, M.H., Faridvand, S., and Shabgard, M.R., "Investigating the Effects of EDM Parameters on Surface Integrity, MRR and TWR in Machining of Ti–6Al–4V", Machining Science and Technology, Volume 16, No. 3, pp. 419-444, USA, August, 2012.
6. Muthuramalingam, T., and Mohan, B., "A Review on Influence of Electrical Process Parameters in EDM Process", Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 15, No. 1, pp. 87-94, Poland, January, 2015.
7. Chakraborty, S., Dey, V., and Ghosh, S.K., "A Review on the Use of Dielectric Fluids and their Effects in Electrical Discharge Machining Characteristics", Precision Engineering, Volume 40, pp. 1-6, USA, April, 2015
8. Andrea Gatto, E.B.A.L.I., "Aluminium Alloys, Theory And Applications", InTech, Chapter-17, pp. 355-376, UK, February, 2011.
9. Yadav, V., Jain, V.K., and Dixit, P.M., "Thermal Stresses Due to Electrical Discharge Machining", International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Volume 42, No. 8, pp. 877-888, UK, March, 2002.
10. Bojorquez, B., Marloth, R., and Es-Said, O., "Formation of a Crater in the Workpiece on an Electrical Discharge Machine", Engineering Failure Analysis, Volume 9, No. 1, pp. 93-97, USA, August, 2002.
11. Zhang, Y., Liu, Y., Ji, R., and Cai, B., "Study of The Recast Layer of a Surface Machined by Sinking Electrical Discharge Machining Using Water-in-Oil Emulsion as Dielectric", Applied Surface Science, Volume 257, No. 14, pp. 5989-5997, Netherlands, January, 2011.
12. Cusanelli, G., Hessler-Wyser, A., Bobard, F., Demellayer, R., Perez, R., and Flükiger, R., "Microstructure at Submicron Scale of The White Layer Produced by EDM Technique", Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 149, Nos. 1-3, pp. 289-295, Switzerland, 2004
13. Izquierdo, B., Plaza, S., Sánchez, J.A., Pombo, I., and Ortega, N., "Numerical Prediction of Heat Affected Layer in the EDM of Aeronautical Alloys", Applied Surface Science, Volume 259, No., pp. 780-790, Netherlands, July, 2012.
14. Ramasawmy, H., and Blunt, L., "Effect of EDM Process Parameters on 3D Surface Topography", Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 148, No. 2,pp. 155-164, Switzerland, 2004
15. Guo, Y.B., and Sahni, J., "A Comparative Study Of Hard Turned And Cylindrically Ground White Layers", International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Volume 44, No. 2-3, pp. 135-145, UK, 2004.
16. Ekmekci, B., "Residual Stresses and White Layer in Electric Discharge Machining (EDM)", Applied Surface Science, Volume 253, No. 23, pp. 9234-9240, Netherlands, June, 2007.
17. Kruth, J.P., Stevens, L., Froyen, L., and Lauwers, B., "Study of the White Layer of a Surface Machined by Die-Sinking Electro-Discharge Machining", CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, Volume 44, No. 1, pp. 169-172, Switzerland, 1995
18. Subramanian, R., Marimuthu, K., and Sakthivel, M., "Study of Crack Formation and Re-Solidified Layer in EDM Process on T90Mn2W50Cr45 Tool Steel", Materials and Manufacturing Processes, (To be Accepted), USA, 2012.
19. Lee, H.T., and Tai, T.Y., "Relationship between EDM Parameters and Surface Crack Formation", Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 142, No. 3,pp. 676-683, Switzerland, October, 2003.
20. Daneshmand, S., Kahrizi, E.F., Abedi, E., and Abdolhosseini, M.M., "Influence of Machining Parameters on Electro Discharge Machining of NiTi Shape Memory Alloys", International Journal of Electrochemical Science, Volume 8, No., pp. 3095-3104, Serbia, March, 2013.
21. Sivam, S.P., Michaelraj, A.L., S, S.K., R.V., and D.D., "Effects of Electrical Parameters, its Interaction and Tool Geometry in Electric Discharge Machining of Titanium Grade 5 Alloy with Graphite Tool", Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part-B, Journal of Engineering Manufacture, Volume 227, No. 1, pp. 119-131, UK, November, 2012.
22. Tai, T., and Lu, S., "Improving the Fatigue Life of Electro-Discharge-Machined SDK11 Tool Steel via the Suppression of Surface Cracks”, International Journal of Fatigue, Volume 31, No. 3, pp. 433-438, UK, 2009
23. Saleem, M.Q., Khan, A.R., and Mufti, N.A., "Performance Optimization of Electrical Discharge Machining (Die Sinker) for Al-6061 via Taguchi Approach", Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology, Volume 34, No. 2, pp. 183-195, Pakistan, April, 2015.
24. Torres, A., Puertas, I., and Luis, C.J., "Modelling of Surface Finish, Electrode Wear and Material Removal Rate in Electrical Discharge Machining of Hard-to- Machine Alloys", Precision Engineering, Volume 40, pp. 33-45, USA, April, 2015.
25. Choudhary, R., Gupta, V.K., Batra, Y., and Singh, A., "Performance and Surface Integrity of Nimonic-75 Alloy Machined by Electrical Discharge Machining", Proceedings of Materials Today, Volume 2, No. 4-5, pp. 3481-3490, UK, 2015.
26. Ramesh, A., Melkote, S.N., Allard, L.F., Riester, L., and Watkins, T.R., "Analysis of White Layers Formed in Hard Turning of AISI 52100 Steel", Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 390, No. 1-2, pp. 88-97, Switzerland, 2005.
27. Shabgard, M., Oliaei, S.N.B., Seyedzavvar, M., and Najadebrahimi, A., "Experimental Investigation and 3D Finite Element Prediction of the White Layer Thickness, Heat Affected Zone, and Surface Roughness in EDM Process", Journal of Mechanical Science & Technology, Volume 25, No. 12, pp. 3173-3183, South Korea, 2011.
28. Shabgard, M., Seyedzavvar, M., and Oliaei, S.N.B., "Influence of Input Parameters on the Characteristics of the EDM Process", Strojniški Vestnik – Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Volume 57, No. 9, pp. 689-696, Slovenia, June, 2011.
29. Arooj, S., Shah, M., Sadiq, S., Jaffery, S.H.I., and Khushnood, S., "Effect of Current in the EDM Machining of Aluminum 6061 T6 and its Effect on the Surface Morphology", Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, Volume 39, No. 5, pp. 4187-4199, Saudi Arabia, 2014.
30. Yoo, B.H., Min, B.-K., and Lee, S.J., "Analysis of the Machining Characteristics of EDM as Functions of the Mobilities of Electrons and Ions", International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, Volume 11, No. 4, pp. 629-632, South Korea, August, 2010.
31. Lee, S.H., and Li, X.P., "Study of the Effect of Machining Parameters on the Machining Characteristics in Electrical Discharge Machining of Tungsten Carbide", Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 115, No. 3,pp. 344-358, Switzerland, September, 2001
32. DiBitonto, D.D., Eubank, P.T., Patel, M.R., and Barrufet, M.A., "Theoretical Models of the Electrical Discharge Machining Process. I. A Simple Cathode Erosion Model", Journal of Applied Physics, Volume 66, No. 9, pp. 4095, USA, July, 1989.
33. Lee, S.H., and Li, X., "Study of the Surface Integrity of the Machined Workpiece in the EDM of Tungsten Carbide", Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 139, No. 1-3, pp. 315-321, Switzerland, 2003.
34. Guu, Y.H., and Hou, M.T.-K., "Effect of Machining Parameters on Surface Textures in EDM of Fe-Mn-Al Alloy", Materials Science and Engineering-A, Volume 466, No. 1-2, pp. 61-67, Switzerland, 2007.