Mehran University Research Journal Of Engineering &
Technology (HEC Recognized In Category "X")
Publishing Since 1982.

For Authors
For Readers
Article Information  
Tuning COCOMO-II for Software Process Improvement: A Tool Based Approach

Keywords: Software Process Improvement, SPI Benefits, Capability Maturity Model Integration, COCOMO, Process Performance, Process Performance Models PPM, Metrics

Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology

Volume 35 ,  Issue 4


1. Saha, A., "SME Requires Different Approach. Management Innovation Exchange", 2010, (Available at different- approach-product-strategical-management and- development-process-why) (Last Visit: December 7, 2010)
2. Jarvis, A., and Crandall, V., "Inroads to Software Quality:How to Guide and Toolkit", Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1997.
3. Kan, S.H., "Metrics and Models in Software Quality Engineering", 2nd Edition, Pearson Education, 2003
4. Melo, W., "Enhancing RUP for CMMI Compliance: A Methodological Approach. The Rational Edge", 2004, Available at library/5318.html. (Last Visit: December 2012 )
5. Schalken, J., Brinkkemper, S., and VanVliet, H., "Using Linear Regression Models to Analyse the Effect of Software Process Improvement", Product-Focused Software Process Improvement, pp. 234-248, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 2006.
6. Hani, S.U., "Impact of Process Improvement on Software Development Predictions, for Measuring Software Development Project’s Performance Benefits", Research Report, Hamdard University, Karachi Pakistan, 2015.
7. Hassan, I., Qadri, S., Bashir, R.N., Saleem, R.M., and Naeem, M., "Issues of Implementation of CMMI in Pakistan Software Industry", International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, Volume 9, No. 2, pp. 547-564, 2014.
8. The PSEB Group, "Market Assessment-2010", Technical Report, 2010, Available at images/study/pseb_it_market_review.pdf, (Last Visit: December 2012).
9. The PSEB Group, "Pakistan Software Industry Best Practices & Strategic Challenges: An Exploratory Analysis", Ministry of Information and Technology, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, 2005.
10. Jones, C., "Early Sizing and Early Risk Analysis of Software Projects", Technical Report, Capers Jones & Associates LLC, 2011, (Last Visit: September 26, 2011).
11. Tamura, S., "Integrating CMMI and TSP/PSP: Using TSP Data to Create Process Performance Models", Technical Report No 33, Carneign Mellon University, Software Engineering Institute, Pittsburg, 2009.
12. Walde, D., "Overview of a Business Case for CMMIBased Process Improvement", Presentation, General Dynamics: Advanced Information Systems, 2002
13. Bohem, B.W., "Software Cost Estimation with Contructive Cost Model 2000". Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2000.
14. Unterkalsteiner, M., Gorschek, T., Islam, A.K.M.M., Cheg, C.K., Permadi, R.B., and Feldt, R., "Extended Material to Evaluation and Measurement of Software Process Improvement - A Systematic Literature Review",2010.
15. Hwang, S.M., "Process Quality Levels of ISO/IEC 15504,CMMI and K-Model", International Journal of Software Engineering and Its Applications, Volume 3, No. 1,pp. 33-42, 2009.
16. Agrawal, M., and Chari, K., "Software Effort, Quality, and Cycle Time: A Study of CMM Level 5 Projects", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Volume 33, No. 3, pp. 145-156, 2007
17. Lagerström, R., vonWürtemberg, L.M., Holm, H., and Luczak, O., "Identifying Factors Affecting Software Development Cost and Productivity", Software Quality Journal, Volume 20, No. 2, pp. 395-417, 2012.
18. Boehm, B., Abts, C., and Chulani, S., "Software Development Cost Estimation Approaches—A Survey", Annals of Software Engineering, Volume 10, Nos. 1-4, pp. 177-205, 2000
19. Hani, S.U., Imam, M., and Memon, G.Q., "Standardization of Software Cost Estimation Process for Outsourcing in Pakistan, Statistical Methods used for Checking Method Accuracy", International Conference of WORLDCOMP, Software Engineering Research and Practice, Las Vegas, USA, 2008.
20. SD Process Canada, 2004, Available at crosstalk/2002/03/diaz.html, (Last Visit: 2012).
21. Chulani, S., Boehm, B.W., and Clark, B.K., "Calibrating the COCOMO II Post-Architecture Model", Proceedings of IEEE on ICSE, Volume 1, pp. 477-480, 1997.
22. Chulani, S., Boehm, B.W., and Steece, B., "Bayesian Analysis of Empirical Software Engineering Cost Models", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Volume 25, No. 4, pp. 573-583, 1999.
23. Menzies, T., Chen, D.Z., Hihn, J., and Stakes. S., "Validation Method for Calibrating Software Effort Models", ICSE, 2005
24. Yang, Y., and Clark, B., "Reducing Local Calibration Bias in COCOMO II Calibration", 19th International Forum on COCOMO and Software Cost Modeling, 2004.
25. Bohem, B.W., "Software Engineering Estimation", Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1981.
26. Al-Yahya, M., Ahmad, R., and Lee, S., "Impact of CMMI Based Software Process Maturity on COCOMO II’s Effort Estimation", International Arab Journal of Information Technology, Volume 7, No.2, pp. 129-137, 2010.
27. Hole, G., "Teaching Resources for Research Skills One", 2013, Available at grahamh/RM1web/teaching08-RS.html, (Last Visit: 2013).
28. Gibson, D.L., Goldenson, D.R., and Kost, K., "Performance Results of Using CMMI Based Process Improvement", Technical Report, Software Engineering Institute, Carneign Mellon University, Pittsburg, 2006.
29. The DACS Group, "DACS Tools: ROI Dash Board, Results for CMMI Process Improvement", 2010, Available at improvement %5B%5D=CMMI+Process+Improvement &postback=1&dataset=ROI&chart_type=text &Submit=Submit, (Last Visit: 2010 ).
30. The DACS Group, "Fact Information: on Benefits of CMMI Base SPI", 2011, Available at, (Last Visit: 2011).
31. Chulani, S., and Bohem, B.W., "COCOMO-II and COQUALMO Questionnaire", 1999. Available at http:/ / cform22.pdf (Last Vist 2015).
32. Nunnally, J.C., "Psychometric Theory", 2nd Edition,McGraw-Hill, New York, USA, 1978.
33. McGibbon, T., Ferens, D., and Vienneau, R.L., "A Business Case for Software Process Improvement (2007 Update) Measuring Return on Investment from Software Engineering and Management", DACS, Griffiss AFB, New York, USA, 2007.
34. Mendes, E., "Software Measurement: How do You Plan to Measure? Surveys, Case Studies, Formal Experiments, Post-Mortem Analysis", Department of Computer Science, UoA, 2012, Available at compsci702s1c, (Last Visit: 2012).
35. Garzas, J., and Paulk, M.C., "A Case Study of Software Process Improvement with CMMI-DEV and Scrum in Spanish Companies". Journal of Software Evolution and Process, Volume 25, No. 12, pp. 1325-1333, 2013