Mehran University Research Journal Of Engineering &
Technology (HEC Recognized In Category "X")
Publishing Since 1982.



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SNR and BER Models and the Simulation for BER Performance of Selected Spectral Amplitude Codes for OCDMA

Keywords: Optical Code Division Multiple Access Network, Long Reach Passive Optical Network, 2-D Coding, Optical Orthogonal Codes.

Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology

Volume 33 ,  Issue 1

ABDUL LATIF  MEMON,KHUDA BUX AMU  ,ASIF ALI SHAIKH  

Abstract

Many encoding schemes are used in OCDMA (Optical Code Division Multiple Access Network) but SAC (Spectral Amplitude Codes) is widely used. It is considered an effective arrangement to eliminate dominant noise called MAI (Multi Access Interference). Various codes are studied for evaluation with respect to their performance against three noises namely shot noise, thermal noise and PIIN (Phase Induced Intensity Noise). Various Mathematical models for SNR (Signal to Noise Ratios) and BER (Bit Error Rates) are discussed where the SNRs are calculated and BERs are computed using Gaussian distribution assumption. After analyzing the results mathematically, it is concluded that ZCC (Zero Cross Correlation Code) performs better than the other selected SAC codes and can serve larger number of active users than the other codes do. At various receiver power levels, analysis points out that RDC (Random Diagonal Code) also performs better than the other codes. For the power interval between -10 and -20 dBm performance of RDC is better ZCC. Their lowest BER values suggest that these codes should be part of an efficient and cost effective OCDM access network in the future.