Mehran University Research Journal Of Engineering &
Technology (HEC Recognized In Category "X")
Publishing Since 1982.



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Quantifying the Q-Factor and Minimizing BER in 32-Channel DWDM System Design Using EDFA and RAMAN Amplifiers

Keywords: Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing System, Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier and Raman Amplifiers, Eye Diagram, Q-Factor, Minimum Bit Error Rate

Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology

Volume 33 ,  Issue 1

TUFAIL AHMED  WASEER,IRFAN AHMED  HALEPOTO,MUHAMMAD ALI  JOYO

Abstract

In this work we have designed, modeled and simulated a 32-channel DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing) system using OptiSystem photonic simulator. The system is tested for external transmitter with NRZ (Non-Return Zero) encoder using Mech-Zehnder modulator, which accepts input from CW (Continuous Wave) laser array and low pass Bessel filter that supports PIN photodiode at receiver end. System performance for optical channels has been compared by varying channel length of EDFA (Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier) and Raman amplifiers to identify its impact in the sense of eye diagram, QF (Quality Factor) and minimum BER (Bit Error Rate). Experimental setup was done by varying channel lengths of 60, 100, 120, 150 and 170Kms. It was found that EDFA has better performance in the sub-low ranges of 60Kms, whereas Raman offers better performance at wider channel lengths i.e. more than 100Kms. The proposed work can be extend for the avoidance of amplifier utilization at wider ranged.