Article Information
Performance Analysis of Phase Controlled Unidirectional and Bidirectional AC Voltage Controllers

Keywords: AC Voltage Controllers, Phase Control, Unidirectional Converter, Bidirectional Converter, Harmonics.

Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology

Volume 30 ,  Issue 1

Abdul Sattar  Larik,Mukhtiar  Ahmed  Mahar ,Abdul  Rashid  Shaikh


AC voltage controllers are used to vary the output ac voltage from a fixed ac input source. They are also commonly called ac voltage regulators or ac choppers. The output voltage is either controlled by PAC (Phase Angle Control) method or on-off control method. Due to various advantages of ac voltage controllers, such as high efficiency, simplicity, low cost and ability to control large amount of power they efficiently control the speed of ac motors, light dimming and industrial heating, etc. These converters are variable structure systems and generate harmonics during the operation which will affect the power quality when connected to system network. During the last couple of years, a number of new semiconductor devices and various power electronic converters has been introduced. Accordingly the subject of harmonics and its problems are of great concern to power industry and customers. In this research work, initially the simulation models of single phase unidirectional and bidirectional ac voltage controllers were developed by using MATLAB software. The harmonics of these models are investigated by simulation. In the end, the harmonics were also analyzed experimentally. The simulated as well as experimental results are presented.