Article Information
Energy Analysis of Selected Air Distribution System of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning System: A Case Study of a Pharmaceutical Company

Keywords: Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning System, Energy Conservation, Thermal Insulation, Heat Gain

Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology

Volume 36 ,  Issue 3



The higher energy consumption causes environmental degradation along with depletion of conventional energy resources. The share of energy consumption in buildings is increasing with urbanization and that ultimately requires effective measures for energy conservation. In buildings, HVAC (Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning) systems require huge amount of energy. This paper estimates the effects of compression of duct insulation of an HVAC system onthe auxiliary power consumption and temperature of supplied air. A mathematical model is developed in EES (Engineering Equation Solver) to ascertain these effects. The simulation results show that the cooling loss due to the insulation compression is about 14%. By increasing the insulation thickness from 10-40mm at selected points, the heat gain is estimated to decrease from 4.29-2.46kW. In addition to that effects of compression of thermal insulation on GHG (Greenhouse Gas) emission are investigated to reduce from 4.2-2.3kg/ kW. Subsequently, the AC (Auxiliary Consumption) and temperature of the supplied air decrease by 5% and 0.4oC, respectively