Mehran University Research Journal Of Engineering &
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A New Framework for Interactive Images Segmentation

Keywords: Cellular Automata, Multi-Label, Interactive Segmentation, Generic Photos, Iterative Segmentation Scheme

Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology

Volume 36 ,  Issue 3

MUHAMMAD  ASHRAF,MUHAMMAD SARIM  ,ABDUL BASIT SHAIKH  

Abstract

Image segmentation has become a widely studied research problem in image processing. There exist different graph based solutions for interactive image segmentation but the domain of image segmentation still needs persistent improvements. The segmentation quality of existing techniques generally depends on the manual input provided in beginning, therefore, these algorithms may not produce quality segmentation with initial seed labels provided by a novice user. In this work we investigated the use of cellular automata in image segmentation and proposed a new algorithm that follows a cellular automaton in label propagation. It incorporates both the pixels? local and global information in the segmentation process. We introduced the novel global constraints in automata evolution rules; hence proposed scheme of automata evolution is more effective than the automata based earlier evolution schemes. Global constraints are also effective in deceasing the sensitivity towards small changes made in manual input; therefore proposed approach is less dependent on label seed marks. It can produce the quality segmentation with modest user efforts. Segmentation results indicate that the proposed algorithm performs better than the earlier segmentation techniques.